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Nanotechnology : the whole story

Author: Ben Rogers; Jesse Adams; Sumita Pennathur
Publisher: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2013]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Transistors using one electron at a time. Seemingly transparent sunscreens made with titanium dioxide particles that block harmful UV rays. Nanometer-sized specks of gold that change color to red and melt at 750°C instead of 1,064°C. Nanotechnology finds the unique properties of things at the nanometer scale and then puts them to use! Although nanotechnology is a hot topic with a wide range of fascinating  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Popular works
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Ben Rogers; Jesse Adams; Sumita Pennathur
ISBN: 9781439897805 1439897808
OCLC Number: 821699952
Description: xvii, 377 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm
Contents: 1. Big picture of the small world --
Understanding the atom : ex nihilo nihil fit --
Nanotechnology starts with a dare : Feynman's big little challenges --
Why one-billionth of a meter is a big deal --
Thinking it through : the broad implications of nanotechnology --
Gray goo --
Environmental impact --
the written word --
The business of nanotech ; plenty of room at the bottom line, too --
2. Introduction to miniaturization --
Background : the smaller, the better --
Scaling laws --
The elephant and the flea --
Scaling in mechanics --
Scaling in electricity and electromagnetism --
Scaling in optics --
Scaling in heat transfer --
Scaling in fluids --
Scaling in biology --
Accuracy of the Scaling Laws --
3. Introduction to nanoscale physics --
Background : Newton never saw a nanotube --
One hundred hours and eight minutes of nanoscale physics --
The basics of quantum mechanics --
Atomic orbitals (not orbits) --
Electromagnetic waves --
The quantization of energy --
Atomic spectra and discreteness --
The photoelectric effect --
Wave-particle duality : the double-slit experiment --
Bullets --
Water waves --
Electrons --
The uncertainty principle --
Particle in a well --
4. Nanomaterials --
Background : matter matters --
Bonding atoms to make molecules and solids --
Ionic bonding --
Covalent bonding --
Metallic bonding --
Walking through Waals : van der Waals forces --
The dispersion force --
Repulsive forces --
Van der Waals force versus gravity --
Crystal structures --
Structures small enough to be different (and useful) --
Particles --
Colloidal particles --
Wires --
Films, layers, and coatings --
Porous materials --
Small-grained materials --
Molecules --
Carbon fullerenes and nanotubes --
Dendrimers --
Micelles --
5. Nanomechanics --
Background : the universe mechanism --
Nanomechanics : which motions and forces make the cut? --
A high-speed review of motion : displacement, velocity, acceleration, and force --
Nanomechanical oscillators : a tale of beams and atoms --
Beams --
Free oscillation --
Free oscillation from the perspective of energy (and probability) --
Forced oscillation --
Atoms --
The Lennard-Jones interaction : how an atomic bond is like a spring --
The quantum mechanics of oscillating atoms --
The Schrödinger equations and the correspondence principle --
Phonons --
Nanomechanical oscillator applications --
Nanomechanical mass sensors : detecting low concentrations --
Feeling faint forces --
Scanning probe microscopes --
Pushing atoms around with the scanning tunneling microscope --
Skimming across atoms with the atomic force microscope --
Pulling atoms apart with the AFM --
Rubbing and mashing atoms with the AFM --
Mechanical chemistry : detecting molecules with bending beams --
6. Nanaoelctronics --
Background : the problem (opportunity) --
Electron energy bands --
Electrons in solids : conductors, insulators, and semiconductors --
Fermi energy --
Density of states for solids --
electron density in a conductor --
Turn down the volume! : how to make a solid act more like an Atom --
Quantum confinement --
Quantum structures --
Conductors : the metal-to-insulator transition --
Semiconductors : confining excitons --
The band gap of nanomaterials --
Tunneling --
Single-electron phenomena --
The Coulomb Blockade --
Overcoming uncertainty --
Single-electron transistor (SET) --
Molecular electronics --
Molecular switches and memory storage. 7. Nanoscale heat transfer --
Background : hot topic --
All heat is nanoscale heat --
Boltzmann's constant --
Conduction --
thermal conductivity of nanoscale structures --
Mean free path and scattering of heat carriers --
thermoelectrics : better energy conversion with nanostructures --
Quantum of thermal conduction --
Convection --
Radiation --
Increased radiation heat transfer --
8. Nanophotonics --
Background : the Lycurgus Cup and the birth of the photon --
Photonic properties of nanomaterials --
Photon absorption --
Photon emission --
Photon scattering --
Metals --
Permittivity and the free electron plasma --
Extinction coefficient of metal particles --
colors and uses of gold and silver particles --
Semiconductors --
Tuning the band gap of nanoscale semiconductors --
colors and uses of quantum dots --
Lasers based on quantum confinement --
Near-field light --
Limits of light : conventional optics --
Near-field optical microscopes --
Optical tweezers --
Photonic crystals : a band gap for photons --
9. Nanoscale fluid mechanics --
Background : becoming fluent in fluids --
Concept of continuum --
fluid motion, continuum style : the Navier-Stokes equations --
Fluid motion : molecular dynamics style --
Fluids at the nanoscale : major concepts --
Reynolds Numbers --
Surface charges and the electrical double layer --
Surface charges at interfaces --
Gouy-Chapman-Stern model and electrical double layer --
Electrokinetic phenomena --
Molecular diffusion --
How fluids flow at the nanoscale --
Electroosmosis --
Ions and macromolecules moving through a channel --
The convection-diffusion-electromigration equation : nanochannel electrophoresis --
Macromolecules in a nanofluidic channel --
Applications of nanofluidics --
Analysis of biomolecules --
EO pumps : cooling off computer chips --
10. Nanobiotechnology --
Background : our wold in a cell --
Introduction : how biology feels at the nanometer scale --
Biological shapes at the nanoscale : carbon and water are the essential tools --
Inertia and gravity are insignificant : the swimming bacterium --
Random thermal motion --
The machinery of the cell --
Sugars --
Fatty acids --
Nucleotides --
Amino acids --
ATP synthase --
Applications of nanobiotechnology --
Biomimetic nanostructures --
Molecular motors --
11. Nanomedicine --
What is nanomedicine? --
Medical nanoparticles --
Nanoshells --
Lipid-based nanoparticles --
Polymer-based nanoparticles --
Drug delivery using nanoparticles --
Nanomedicine and cancer --
Biomimicry in nanomedicine --
Potential toxicity --
Environmental concerns --
Ethical implications --
Commercial exploration.
Other Titles: Nano
Responsibility: Ben Rogers, Jesse Adams, Sumita Pennathur.

Abstract:

Ideal for students in a first course on nanotechnology, this text ideally fits between popular science books and high-level treatises. Working from the ground up, it provides a detailed yet  Read more...
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"...an excellent resource for anyone interested in nanotechnology. ...Summing Up: Highly recommended. Students of all levels, researchers/faculty, and professionals."-H Giesche, Alfred University, in Read more...

 
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